1. What is HIV ?
I - Immunodeficiency
2. What is AIDS ?
A - Acquired
I - Immune
D - Deficiency
S - Syndrome.
3. What is the difference between HIV and AIDS ?
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV weakens the body's immune system, which protects the body from diseases.
When someone is infected with HIV, their weak immune system makes it easy for them to contract other diseases and infections. The last stage of HIV disease is called AIDS.
4. Which body fluids contain HIV?
HIV is present in infectious quantities in
HIV is present in negligible quantities in
- Blood and blood products
- Vaginal and cervical secretions
- Breast milk
- Amniotic fluid
- Cerebrospinal fluid
- Synovial fluid around bone joints
HIV is not present in
- Saliva (only found in minute amounts in a very small
number of people
- Blister fluid
5. What are the main routes of HIV transmission ?
|The main ways of HIV transmission are
- Unprotected sexual intercourse with someone who is
- Injection or transfusion of contaminated blood or blood
products, skin grafts and organ transplants taken from
someone who is infected.
- From a mother who is infected to her baby; this may
be during the course of pregnancy, at birth and through
- Sharing unsterilised injection equipment that has been
previously used by someone who is infected.